By Vianca Gamboa
Taal Volcano, or the Volcano Island, is one of the most active, most dangerous volcanoes in the Philippines. To date, almost 6,000 people have perished as a result of its recorded eruptions.
Along with its active nature, its adjacency to popular summer destination, Tagaytay, as well as its proximity to populated areas such as Manila, has given it its place among the Decade Volcanoes, the 16 volcanoes in the world identified by the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth’s Interior (IAVCEI) as being worthy of their history of large, destructive eruptions.
As of Jan. 12, there have been 35 recorded eruptions since the town’s foundation on the shores of the lake and the volcano’s first discovery in 1572 when the volcano issued great masses of smoke.
Here is a timeline of the greatest eruptions of Taal Volcano.
1707 to 1716 – Minor eruptions shifted from main crater to the other parts of Volcano Island. A whole southeastern portion of the Calauit crater was eventually wiped out.
1754 – The deadliest and biggest eruption of Taal Volcano took place and lasted for almost six months. It has unleashed strong earthquakes and base surges of hot gases, ashes, and rocks on the mainland. It has buried four Batangas towns under ash and volcanic rocks.
1911 – The more devasting eruption claimed a total number of 1,335 lives and wiped out seven barangays. Huge changes in the Volcano Island occurred, such as the sinking of Taal from three to 10 feet.
1965 – The volcano spewed large basaltic spatters that eventually turned into a phreatic eruption, opening a new crater about 1.5 kilometers long and 300 meters wide on the southwest side of the Volcano Island. Ash ejection went as high as 20 kilometers. Another phreatomagmatic eruption, an explosion caused by interaction of magma with the lake water, occurred the following year, 1966.
2020 – A sudden eruption escalated quickly into Alert Level 4 in just a span of five hours. Ashfalls and volcanic thunderstorms have been reported and forced evacuations has been enforced. There is also a warning on a possible volcanic tsunami.
Credit belongs to : Manila Bulletin