Ignoring calls for an end to his 26-year grip on power, Lukashenko was sworn in for a sixth term after an election that the opposition and several foreign governments say was rigged.
The ceremony would normally have been publicized as a major state occasion but was instead held without warning following Lukashenko’s contentious claim of a landslide victory in the Aug. 9 election.
The opposition, which has staged more than six weeks of mass protests demanding his resignation, denounced the inauguration as illegitimate and called for more demonstrations on Wednesday evening.
“His secret inauguration is an attempt to seize power,” said Svetlana Tikhanovskaya, Lukashenko’s main opponent who fled into exile after the election.
The official news agency Belta said Lukashenko placed his right hand on a copy of the constitution and swore the oath of office at a ceremony attended by several hundred people.
- ‘I was preparing myself to be executed’: Belarus protesters recall police detention in Minsk
- Belarus candidate who fled to Lithuania urges continued pressure on Lukashenko
The 66-year-old leader said the country needed safety and consensus “on the brink of a global crisis,” an apparent reference to the COVID-19 pandemic.
“I cannot, I have no right to abandon the Belarusians,” he said.
‘Where are the jubilant citizens?’
Thousands of protesters marched through the streets carrying red-and-white opposition flags, as passing cars honked their horns in solidarity.
One placard read “if you have 80 per cent, why are you afraid of us?” — referring to Lukashenko’s stated 80 per cent vote share.
Protesters had begun gathering in small groups in the capital earlier in the day, including outside at least three universities, local media footage showed.
Some chanted, “Sasha, come out, we’ll congratulate you!,” referring to the diminutive form of Lukashenko’s first name.
Rumours had swept Minsk that the leader, in power since 1994, was preparing for a snap inauguration ceremony when a motorcade swept through the centre of the capital earlier on Wednesday.
An opposition politician, Pavel Latushko, said the swearing-in was like a secret “thieves’ meeting.”
“Where are the jubilant citizens? Where is the diplomatic corps?” he posted on social media.
Latushko called for “an indefinite action of civil disobedience.”
Lithuanian Foreign Minister Linas Linkevicius said on Twitter: “Such a farce. Forget elections.… His illegitimacy is a fact with all the consequences that this entails.”
Support from Russia
Lukashenko, taking the oath for a new five-year term, promised to “faithfully serve the people of the Republic of Belarus, respect and protect the rights and freedoms of the person and of the citizen” and defend the constitution.
He has so far withstood the protests with backing from his ally, President Vladimir Putin of Russia.
Despite its population of only 9.5 million, Belarus matters to Russia as a buffer state against NATO and a conduit for Russian exports of oil and gas.
Svetlana Tikhanovskaya has become a reluctant revolutionary in Belarus, but every weekend she inspires tens of thousands of Belarusians to take to the streets to try to oust their president after a highly divisive election.
At a summit last week, Putin granted Lukashenko a new loan, and the two countries are holding “Slavic Brotherhood” defence exercises in Belarus. As part of those drills, Russian paratroopers parachuted into Belarus on Wednesday.
Kremlin spokesperson Dmitry Peskov said the swearing-in was “absolutely the sovereign decision of the Belarusian leadership.” Asked if Putin was invited, he said it looked as though the presence of foreign leaders had not been envisaged.
The United Nations agreed last week to step up monitoring of reported human rights abuses in Belarus. Rights investigator Anais Marin said more than 10,000 people had been “abusively arrested” since the election, with more than 500 reports of torture and thousands “savagely beaten.”
Belarus authorities have said the police are humane and professional and have declined to comment on specific allegations of abuses.