A nearly empty road is seen in Manila on March 20, 2020, after the government imposed an enhanced community quarantine against the rising numbers of COVID-19 coronavirus infections.
MANILA, Philippines — Families in areas to be placed under localized lockdowns will receive financial aid under the ‘Bayanihan 2’ law as the government shuns region-wide community quarantines that may disrupt economic activity.
The law, which was signed by President Rodrigo Duterte last Friday, allocated P6 billion to fund social welfare programs like the Assistance to Individuals in Crisis (AICS). The AICS, a component of the government’s social amelioration program, provides emergency subsidies to households in areas affected by lockdowns.
Officials have announced plans to limit lockdowns to specific areas with high coronavirus infections as imposing regional quarantine restrictions may disrupt the livelihood of workers and the operations of businesses.
“We will provide P5,000 to P8,000 aid to those who will be affected by the granular lockdown declared by the local government,” presidential spokesman Harry Roque said at a press briefing on Monday.
The law also set aside P13 billion to fund cash-for-work programs for displaced workers like the COVID-19 Adjustment Measures Program, which assists affected overseas Filipino workers and local workers; Tulong Panghanapbuhay for Displaced/Disadvantaged Workers sanitation project; and the Abot Kamay ang Pagtulong sa OFWs program.
The amount will also be used to fund the unemployment or involuntary separation assistance for displaced workers or employees.
Meanwhile, a total of P9.5 billion was allocated for the programs of the transportation department, including the giving of P3-billion aid to public utility jeepney drivers affected by quarantine restrictions.
The law also allocated P13.5 billion for health-related responses like continuous employment of emergency human resources for health, the hiring of additional health personnel, and augmentation of the operations of state-run hospitals.
The amount also covers the special risk allowance for all public and private health workers directly attending to or in contact with coronavirus patients for every month of service during the state of national emergency; the actual hazard duty pay for all medical frontliners; life insurance, accommodation, transportation, and meals of all public and private health workers; and compensation to workers who have contracted the coronavirus in the line of duty.
The government will spend P3 billion for personal protective equipment, protective suits, face masks, shoe covers, face shields and goggles to personnel in COVID-19 referral hospitals and P4.5 billion to fund the construction of temporary medical isolation and quarantine facilities, field hospitals, dormitories for frontliners, and the expansion of the capacities of government hospitals.
Bayanihan 2 also allocated P39.4 billion for programs designed to improve access to loans and P24 billion for direct cash or loan interest rate subsidies under the programs of the Agricultural Credit Policy Council.
Other items to be funded by the law are the training and subsidies for tourist guides (P100 million); development of smart campuses to implement flexible learning modalities (P3 billion); subsidies and allowances to qualified students (P600 million); subsidies and allowances of displaced teaching and non-teaching personnel (P300 million); additional scholarship funds for Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (P1 billion); and implementation of digital education and alternative learning modes (P4 billion).
Other expenses that will receive funding are allowances for national athletes and coaches (P180 million); augmentation of the foreign affairs department’s office of migrant workers affairs and repatriation-related expenses (P820 million); and programs for the tourism industry (P4 billion); construction and maintenance of isolation facilities (P4.5 billion), coronavirus-related research (P10 million); and the establishment of a computational research laboratory (P15 million).
At the same briefing, Roque said Duterte is likely to extend the six-month national state of calamity declaration because a coronavirus vaccine has not been developed.
The president made the declaration through Proclamation No. 929 issued last March.
“As long as there is no vaccine, as long as there is no cure for COVID-19, the state of health emergency will most likely remain,” Roque said at a press briefing.