More than four years after she was violently gang-raped, Sara woke up to news she wasn't expecting.
On Wednesday last week, the Alberta Court of Appeal had not only overturned the acquittals of two young men who had attacked her, but after watching video of the assault which they described as "barbaric" the panel of three judges agreed to impose convictions.
"I just felt really happy and relieved," said the young woman in a phone interview after the decision. Because her name is protected by a publication ban, CBC News is calling her Sara.
"It was a huge shock to me so it just kind of took a weight off my shoulders."
For a long time, Sara said it tormented her that one teen pleaded guilty, with the judge in that case calling the rape "the most appalling acts of human depravity" he'd ever witnessed, while a second judge, Court of Queen's Bench Justice Scott Brooker, presiding over Timothy Fanning and Adham El-Sakaan's trial, ruled that Sara consented despite video showing her crying and saying "no."
Sara, who described herself as an emotionally fragile 17-year-old girl at the time of the attack in December 2016, says she is now a more confident young woman with a newborn baby and a plan — to go to university and become a social worker to help other victims of sexual violence.
Rape myths linger 'like a fungus,' judge says
In their decision last week to overturn the acquittal and convict the two men, each of the three judges on the panel penned decisions fiercely critical of not only the rapists, but of the trial judge's 2019 decision to acquit.
"The trial judge's reasoning teeters dangerously close to engaging in the myth- and stereotype-based thinking that continues to linger in the legal landscape like a fungus," wrote Alberta Court of Appeal Justice Dawn Pentelechuk.
"This tunnel vision approach is inconsistent with the current state of the law; the video evidence demonstrates that the 'rough' sexual activity had transcended to a violent assault."
Justice Peter Martin agreed.
"Here we have three young men ridiculing and humiliating a young woman while beating and sexually abusing her," wrote Martin.
Justice Brian O'Ferrall called Fanning and El-Sakaan's actions "barbaric."
O'Ferrall said no matter what Sara did or did not consent to, the pair are criminally responsible for the "savage cruelty they inflicted upon [her]."
Brooker has since retired, so Fanning and El-Sakaan will go before a new judge to be sentenced. A date for that will be set at the end of this week.
To hear three of the province's top judges recognize the incident as sexual assault was "life-changing news," said Sara.
Video 'exceedingly difficult to watch,' judge says
In December 2016, the three teens — a 17-year-old who can only be identified as MM and two 19-year-olds, Timothy Fanning and Adham El-Sakaan — began what was at first a consensual sexual encounter.
Two cellphone videos, recorded without Sara's knowledge, show what happened.
Footage was played during the trial, although members of the gallery could only hear the audio.
"Admittedly, the video evidence is exceedingly difficult to watch," wrote Justice Dawn Pentelechuk. "But I did watch it — multiple times."
The video shows the three teens laugh as they take turns raping Sara, encouraging each other to hit her.
She was hit in the face, called a "slut" and a "bitch" and told to "shut the f–k up."
"Punch that pussy, bro," one teen said to another.
Sara cried out in pain and said "no."
El-Sakaan said at one point, "I'm going to wreck her."
Still, Brooker acquitted.
'I almost started to believe it didn't happen to me'
Afterward, Sara was taken to hospital and police became involved. All three of the teen boys were charged.
The youth, identified in court documents as MM, pleaded guilty to sexual assault.
El-Sakaan was convicted of sexual assault with a weapon for using an electric toothbrush on Sara without her knowledge.
At the time of the attack and subsequent trial, Sara struggled with anxiety, thoughts of suicide and was in and out of hospital.
After Brooker acquitted Fanning and El-Sakaan, Sara said she was fragile, and the judge's decision, paired with being cross-examined, ramped up her nagging self-doubt.
"I almost started to believe it didn't happen to me and I kind of shut down," she said in the phone interview with CBC. "Maybe they were right and I was overreacting."
Fast forward two years later, and Sara has a renewed confidence and says she's motivated by her four-month-old daughter.
"I didn't think they were going to be found guilty and now here they are — [prosecutors] fought for the case for me and it turned around completely," she said.
Sara recently applied to Mount Royal University, where she wants to study social work so she can help other victims.
"To all the people that have been sexually assaulted, I see you and hear you," Sara said.
"Together we will put an end to this and to break the silence and stigma around sexual assault."
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Meghan Grant is the courts and crime reporter for CBC Calgary. If you have a good story idea or tip, you can reach her at email@example.com or on Twitter at @CBCMeg.
Credit belongs to : www.cbc.ca