Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan's political opponents said his call to expel the ambassadors of 10 Western countries was an attempt to distract attention from Turkey's economic difficulties, while diplomats hoped the expulsions might yet be averted.
On Saturday, Erdogan said he ordered the envoys — including Canada's — be declared for seeking philanthropist Osman Kavala's release from prison. The foreign ministry has not yet carried out the president's instruction, which would open the deepest rift with the West in Erdogan's 19 years in power.
The diplomatic crisis coincides with investor worries about the Turkish lira's fall to a record low after the central bank, under pressure from Erdogan to stimulate the economy, unexpectedly slashed interest rates by 200 points last week.
Kemal Kilicdaroglu, leader of the main opposition CHP, said Erdogan was "rapidly dragging the country to a precipice."
"The reason for these moves is not to protect national interests but to create artificial reasons for the ruining of the economy," he said on Twitter.
Kavala, a contributor to numerous civil society groups is charged with financing nationwide protests in 2013 and with involvement in a failed coup in 2016. He denies the charges and has remained in detention while his trial continues.
Canada's Jamal Khokhar, is among the ambassadors Erdogan said should leave the country, accusing them of "indecency."
The envoys, also including the U.S., French and German representatives in Ankara, issued a statement earlier this week calling for a resolution to the case of Kavala, a businessman and philanthropist who has been in prison since 2017 despite not having been convicted of a crime.
"The continuing delays in [Kavala's] trial, including by merging different cases and creating new ones after a previous acquittal, cast a shadow over the respect for democracy, the rule of law and transparency in the Turkish judiciary system," said the joint statement from Canada, France, Finland, Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden and the United States.
Unprecedented measure for NATO ally
"We've seen this film before. Return at once to our real agenda and the fundamental problem of this country, the economic crisis," said opposition IYI Party deputy leader Yavuz Agiralioglu.
Erdogan said the envoys were impudent and had no right to demand Kavala's release, stressing that the Turkish judiciary was independent.
Sinan Ulgen, chair of Istanbul-based think tank Edam and a former Turkish diplomat, said Erdogan's timing was incongruous as Turkey was seeking to recalibrate its foreign policy away from episodes of tension in recent years.
"I still hope that Ankara will not go through with this," he wrote on Twitter, describing it as an unprecedented measure among NATO allies. "The foreign policy establishment is working hard to find a more acceptable formula. But time running out."
Erdogan has not always followed through with threats.
In 2018 Erdogan said Turkey would boycott U.S. electronic goods in a dispute with Washington; sales of the goods were unaffected. Last year, he called on Turks to boycott French goods over what he said was President Emmanuel Macron's "anti-Islam" agenda, but did not follow through.
Decision could be made on Monday
One diplomatic source said a decision on the envoys could be taken at Monday's cabinet meeting and that de-escalation was possible given concerns about the potential diplomatic fallout. Erdogan has said he will meet U.S. President Joe Biden at next weekend's G20 summit in Rome.
According to the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations, a state may notify a country's diplomatic mission that a staff member is unwelcome. The country may recall that person or terminate their role.
Erdogan has dominated Turkish politics for two decades but support for his ruling alliance has eroded significantly ahead of elections scheduled for 2023, partly because of sharp rises in the cost of living.
– Emre Peker, Eurasia Group
Erdogan has to project power for domestic political reasons.
While the International Monetary Fund projects economic growth of nine per cent this year, inflation is more than double that and the lira has fallen 50 per cent against the U.S. dollar since Erdogan's last election victory in 2018.
Emre Peker, from the London-based consultancy Eurasia Group, said the threatened expulsions at a time when the economy faces "massive challenges, is at best ill-considered, and at worst a foolish gambit to bolster Erdogan's plummeting popularity."
"Erdogan has to project power for domestic political reasons," he said, adding that typically countries whose envoys have been kicked out retaliate with tit-for-tat expulsions. "This stands to make for increasingly difficult relations with Washington and the EU."
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