9 injured after chunk of rapidly melting glacier broke loose.
Thunderstorms hampered the search for more than a dozen hikers who remained unaccounted for on Monday, a day after a huge chunk of an Alpine glacier in Italy broke off, sending an avalanche of ice, snow and rocks down the slope. Italy’s state TV said another body was recovered, raising the known death toll to seven.
Nine others were injured when the avalanche was unleashed from the Marmolada glacier Sunday afternoon when dozens of hikers were on excursions, some of them roped together.
Trento prosecutor Sandro Raimondi said 17 hikers were initially believed to be missing, the Italian news agency LaPresse reported. But later, RAI state TV reported from the scene that the number of unaccounted for dropped to 15 after authorities were able to track down some of those feared missing.
The detached ice block was massive, estimated at 200 metres wide and 80 metres tall. Gov. Luca Zaia, whose Veneto region in northeast Italy borders the Marmolada area, likened the avalanche to an “apartment building [sized] block of ice with debris and Cyclopean masses of rock.”
Weeks-long heat wave
“I can’t say anything else other than the facts, and the facts tell us that the high temperatures don’t favour these situations,” Zaia told reporters.
Italy is in the grips of a weeks-long heat wave, and Alpine rescuers said that the temperature at the glacier’s altitude last week topped 10 C when usually it should over around freezing at this time of year.
An ice rink in the Dolomite mountain resort town of Canazei was serving as a makeshift morgue to identify the dead, a task made more challenging and gruesome because rescuers said in some cases body parts were found strewn over a wide area.
At least four bodies brought to the ice rink had been identified by Monday afternoon.
RAI said three of those identified were Italians, including an experienced Alpine guide. Another was a hiker whose relatives said he had just sent a selfie of himself from the slope shortly before the avalanche barrelled down.
One of the dead was from the Czech Republic, now officially known as Czechia, RAI said.
Victims reportedly from across Europe
According to media reports, those feared missing include several Italians, three Romanians, one with French nationality, another from Austria, and four from the Czech Republic.
Raimondi was quoted as saying two of the injured are Germans. Zaia told reporters that one of the Germans was a 65-year-old man. Of the patients who were badly injured, so far identification has been impossible.
Drones were being used to look for any of the missing as well as verify safety.
Sixteen cars remained unclaimed in the area’s parking lot, and authorities sought to track down occupants through licence plates. It was unclear how many of the cars might have belonged to the already identified victims or to the injured, all of whom were flown by helicopters on Sunday to hospitals.
Premier Mario Draghi and the head of the national Civil Protection agency were expected to go on Monday to Canazei.
What caused a pinnacle of the glacier to break off and thunder down the slope at a speed estimated by experts at some 300 km/h wasn’t immediately known. But the heat wave gripping Italy since May, bringing temperatures unusually high for the start of summer even up in the normally cooler Alps, was being cited as a likely factor.
Hottest period in nearly 20 years
Jacopo Gabrieli, a polar sciences researcher at Italy’s state-run CNR research centre, noted that the long heat wave, spanning May and June, was the hottest in northern Italy in that period for nearly 20 years.
“It’s absolutely an anomaly,” Gabrieli said in an interview on Italian state TV on Monday. Like other experts, he said it would have been impossible to predict when or if a serac — a pinnacle from a glacier’s overhang — could break off, as it did on Sunday.
Alpine rescuers on Sunday noted that late last week, the temperature on the 3,300-metre-high peak had topped 10 C, far higher than usual. Operators of rustic shelters along the mountainside said temperatures at the 2,000-metre level recently reached 24 C, unheard-of heat in a place where excursionists go in summer to keep cool.
The glacier, in the Marmolada range, is the largest in the Dolomite mountains in northeastern Italy. People ski on it in the winter. But the glacier has been rapidly melting away over the past decades, with much of its volume gone. Experts at the CNR research centre, which has a polar sciences institute, estimated a couple of years ago that the glacier won’t exist anymore within 25 to 30 years.
The Mediterranean basin, which includes southern European countries like Italy, has been identified by UN experts as a “climate change hot spot,” likely to suffer heat waves and water shortages, among other consequences.
Pope Francis, who has made care of the planet a priority of his papacy, tweeted an invitation to pray for the avalanche victims and their families. “The tragedies that we are experiencing with climate change must push us to urgently search for new ways that are respectful of persons and nature,” Francis wrote.
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