Sri Lankan Laborers load sacks of imported potatoes to handcarts at a marketplace in Colombo on Tuesday, March 21, 2023. The International Monetary Fund said on Monday that its executive board has approved a nearly $3-billion bailout program for Sri Lanka over four years to help salvage the country’s bankrupt economy. AP PHOTO
COLOMBO: Sri Lanka’s president said on Monday that the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has approved its request for a $2.9-billion bailout, raising hopes for an easing of the island nation’s dire economic crisis.
The IMF’s board also confirmed it has signed off on the loan, which clears the way for the release of funds and kicks off a four-year program designed to shore up the country’s economy.
But its managing director, Kristalina Georgieva, warned that Colombo must continue pursuing tax reform and greater social safety nets for the poor and rein in the corruption that has been partly blamed for the crisis.
“I express my gratitude to the IMF and our international partners for their support as we look to get the economy back on track for the long term through prudent fiscal management and our ambitious reform agenda,” President Ranil Wickremesinghe said in a statement.
Sri Lanka defaulted on its foreign debt in April 2022 as the country plunged into its worst economic downturn since independence because of a major shortage of foreign currency reserves.
The Indian Ocean nation of around 22 million people ran out of cash to finance even the most essential imports, causing massive social unrest.
Widespread protests over economic mismanagement, acute shortages of food, fuel and medicines, and runaway inflation forced former president Gotabaya Rajapaksa to flee the country and resign in July.
Rajapaksa was replaced by Wickremesinghe as president. He has implemented tough spending cuts and tax hikes in an attempt to secure IMF assistance.
IMF staff had provisionally approved the bailout in September, but the final green light was held up until China — the island’s biggest bilateral lender — agreed to restructure its loans to Colombo.
Beijing had said this year it was offering a two-year moratorium on its loans to Sri Lanka, but the concession fell short of IMF expectations for the sustainability of the island’s debt.
Wickremesinghe had said after China agreed to restructure its loans that he expected the first tranche of the IMF package would be made available within the month.
Earlier Monday, Wickremesinghe’s office said he was seeking a 10-year moratorium on Sri Lanka’s foreign debt as the country was out of foreign reserves to service its loans.
Officials involved in the negotiations said the terms of debt restructuring must be finalized and agreed by all parties before June when the IMF was expected to review the bailout program.
“Sri Lanka will not be able to draw down the second tranche unless a debt restructuring plan is agreed with all creditors,” said one of the officials, who asked not to be identified.
Call to tackle corruption
Colombo is also banking on the IMF deal to unfreeze billions of dollars in foreign aid for projects suspended since Sri Lanka defaulted on its loans last year.
The government has already doubled taxes, increased energy tariffs threefold and slashed subsidies in an effort to meet the preconditions of the IMF bailout.
The austerity measures have also led to strikes that crippled the health and logistics sectors last week. Wickremesinghe has said he had no alternative but to go with an IMF program.
Georgieva said Sri Lanka must stick with its controversial tax reforms, manage government expenditure and do away with energy subsidies.
In a statement, she said that “the momentum of ongoing progressive tax reforms should be maintained, and social safety nets should be strengthened and better targeted to the poor.”
She also urged Colombo to tackle endemic corruption.
“A more comprehensive anti-corruption reform agenda should be guided by the ongoing IMF governance diagnostic mission that conducts an assessment of Sri Lanka’s anti-corruption and governance framework,” she said.
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